The COVARIANCE.P function returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations. Use covariance to determine the relationship between two data sets.

COVARIANCE.P takes 2 required arguments and no optional arguments:

Syntax: COVARIANCE.P(array1, array2)

#1)
Using the COVARIANCE.P function:
#2)
The arguments for the COVARIANCE.P function are:
Argument Required? Description
array1 Required The first cell range of integers.
array2 Required The second cell range of integers.
#3)
A few more things:
The arguments must either be numbers or be names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored; however, cells with the value zero are included.
If array1 and array2 have different numbers of data points, COVARIANCE.P returns the #N/A error value.
If either array1 or array2 is empty, COVARIANCE.P returns the #DIV/0! error value.

Summary

The COVARIANCE.P function returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations.
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